Pigmentation is what causes the color of your skin. Hyperpigmentation is dark spots on your skin. They appear for various reasons and don’t usually go away on their own. Hyperpigmentation is quite common.
But just because it’s common and relatively harmless, that doesn’t mean you have to like it. You see it on many older people — a dark patch of skin here and there, scattered across their faces or the rest of the body. Hyperpigmentation is never coordinated or complementary; instead, it evokes name-calling with monikers like “age spots,” “liver spots” or “senile lentigos” — not very flattering names at all.
If you’re like most people who start seeing off-color skin pigmentation on your face, you probably wish you could turn back the clock to a time when your skin was smooth and flawless — or at least even.
The dark sun spots of hyperpigmentation occur as a result of excess melanin forming deposits on your skin. And there are ways to even out your skin tone with the help of your integrative aesthetic practitioners in Manhattan at Radiance Aesthetics & Wellness.
Where and Why the Spots Originate
Hyperpigmentation affects people of all races — the darker your skin, the darker the spots. They’re usually the result of overexposure to the damaging ultraviolet rays of the sun. And they typically appear in abundance on the backs of your hands and on your face, the two places that get the most UV exposure in your lifetime.
Sun exposure and aging are the primary factors that combined lead to hyperpigmentation. But other conditions can cause these unsightly discolorations. For example:
- Birth control pills
- Too much iron in your system
- Inflammation of your skin
- Endocrine diseases, such as Addison’s Disease
- Hormonal changes
- Metabolic disorders
- Vitamin deficiency
- Hormone treatments
Signs of the Times
When the dark spots are bigger than tiny dots and seem to spread out in unnatural shapes, they are often a result of the hormone changes you’re undergoing. In this case, they’re called chloasma spots or melasma. And they even have nicknames: when your hormones get out of balance during pregnancy and you develop melasma, it’s referred to as “the mask of pregnancy.”
Melasma tends to affect women with darker skin more than light-skinned women, even though light-skinned women are more at risk from sun exposure. Using certain drugs — such as hormone treatments, chemotherapy, antibiotics and antiviral medications — can cause dark spots to appear on your skin. Freckles are considered to be a form hyperpigmentation too, but they’re inherited.
Pollutants — for example, the very air you breathe in New York City or the chemicals from a perfume factory — can cause hyperpigmentation, too. Dark spots also can appear as side effects from a henna tattoo after it’s been removed. Plus, when your skin heals after a cut or burn injury, you can end up with dark spots. And the after-effects of skin conditions like acne, psoriasis or eczema often turn out to be hyperpigmentation.
Ultraviolet rays from the sun or tanning booths trigger melanin production. Melanin rushes to the surface to protect your skin from damage when it’s exposed to and unprotected from the sun. Over time, that builds up and causes irregular browning. And once you have hyperpigmentation in areas, sun exposure makes those spots even darker.
Finding the Path to Even-Toned Skin
If you prefer not to wear your life’s story on your face and want to pursue sun spot removal, the aesthetic professionals at Radiance Aesthetics & Wellness in Midtown Manhattan offer a variety of options. When the spots are still light and not interfering with your appearance, cosmetics can cover them up. Over-the-counter lightening creams may help too, but shouldn’t be used for more than three weeks.
Dr. Natalya Fazylova brings healing modalities from both Eastern and Western Medicine into her practice at Radiance Aesthetics & Wellness that can benefit you. She understands the holistic approach to beauty and helps you achieve your desired goals while balancing your inner and outer health.
Age Spot Removal
When you stop taking certain birth control pills or switch to a different kind, it may lead to the dark spots removal. But if that’s not applicable to you, Dr. Fazylova offers techniques to reduce and remove age spots, including:
- Laser therapies. Your aesthetic professional uses targeted light beams to “zap” specific dark spots on your face. New, untainted skin then grows back in its place. Lasers work on spots that are on the surface, but they can go deeper into the dermis to remove all shades of the darkened melanin-full spots.
- Chemical Peels. You’ll find a wide range of peels, from the lightest to the deepest that literally peel away the damaged layers of your skin to reveal fresh, new, evenly pigmented skin.
- Skin Care Products. A variety of creams and external preparations are available that might help you ease the burden of age spots. Talk to your aesthetic specialist about which products may work best to reduce melanin production and reverse the dark signs of aging. These products may include:
- Kojic acid
- Azelaic acid
- Vitamin A derivatives
When to Be Concerned
For the most part, hyperpigmentation is strictly an appearance problem. But there are instances when a dark spot is more than just a mark on your beauty. Melanoma, a dangerous skin cancer that led to more than 10,000 deaths in the United States in 2016, also first appears as a dark spot on your skin. You should see your doctor as soon as possible if you have any of the signs of the deadly cancer, such as:
- Persistent darkening of the spot even when your skin isn’t exposed to UV rays
- When the spot is raised and changes shape over time
- If your hyperpigmentation has you worried
It’s always better to err on the side of caution when it comes to your skin. And your New York City aesthetic specialists at Radiance Aesthetics & Wellness agree. They want nothing more than for you to glow with your natural beauty from the inside to the outside. They’ll alert you to any cautionary marks on your skin and support you through any treatments that may follow.
Dr. Fazylova and Staff at Radiance Aesthetic & Wellness strive to provide a holistic, aesthetic and individualized care to help you on your journey to a better health and vibrant appearance.
Do you have questions about hyperpigmentation treatment in NYC? To receive more information and to learn about best hyperpigmentation treatment including age, sun or dark spots, please contact Radiance Aesthetic & Wellness. If you would like to schedule an appointment with the top hyperpigmentation specialist in NYC, Dr. Natalya Fazylova, please contact our office.
Radiance Aesthetics & Wellness
NYC Holistic Health & Wellness Specialist
903 Lexington Avenue, Suite 1A
New York, New York 10065